DAWN: 05:59
SUNRISE: 07:39
ZOHR:: 11:49
MAGHRIB: 16:12





News Code: 663


Ramadhan 1434 LH (2013) Announcement

In the name of Allah the Most Compassionate the Most Merciful

For the kind attention of brothers and sisters in faith
Ramadhan 1434 LH (2013) Announcement

Dear brothers and sisters, 

We are hopeful for the acceptance of your prayers by the Almighty, and extend felicitations for the arrival of the holy month of Ramadhan.
Hereby; we would like to mention some points regarding the issue of sighting the moon and how the first day of the holy month of Ramadhan is determined.

1. The very first day of each month in the lunar calendar can be determined in five ways:

First: If the person himself sees the moon.
Second: If he is sure that the moon has been seen.
Third: If two righteous men swear that they have seen the moon themselves.
Fourth: Completion of 30 days of the previous month.
Fifth: If the Mujtahid passes a judgment that it is the beginning of the month.

2. Sometimes, because of different reasons there could be a difference on recognizing the first day of the month. One of these differences is due to diverse criteria used by Mujtahids (Religious Authorities) pertaining to the sighting of the moon. 

3. According to the decree (fatwa) of some of the Mujtahids like Grand Ayatollah Khamenei and Grand Ayatollah Sistani, the confirmation of witnessing the crescent in one area, is only valid for that area and areas within the same horizon. Hence, sighting of the moon in Iran, Iraq or other countries cannot be applied to the United Kingdom. The moon has to be seen in the United Kingdom or in regions that enjoy the same horizon.

4. According to the decree (Fatwa) of Grand Ayatollah Khamenei sighting the moon with an instrument is similar to sighting it with naked eyes. What is important is seeing the moon, regardless of how it has been seen, whether by a telescope, glasses or naked eyes.

5. As far as this year Ramadhan is concerned, in some countries there is a possibility of seeing the moon on Tuesday 9th of July 2013, in Southern Countries below Europe, and therefore, Wednesday 10th of July has been declared as the first day of Ramadhan in those countries. Furthermore, according to the views of astronomers, and based on their astronomical calculations, the moon can be easily visible with naked eye after sunset, in the United Kingdom, on Wednesday 10th of July 2013 (which is also the 30th day for the month of Sha’ban). Hence Thursday the 11th of July will be declared as the first day of Ramadhan According to the decree (Fatwa) of Grand Ayatollah Khamenei, in the UK. 

6. These differences and disagreements have been quite normal throughout history. What really matters is performing our duty in such a way that we gain the consent of the Almighty, the Most Compassionate the Most Merciful, and therefore believers, like in previous times, should abide by the religious decree (fatwa) of their Mujtahed and hopefully Allah will accept their worship.

7. In terms of issues related to fasting you can refer to Resala Amaliaya (Islamic Treatise / Compendium of rulings) of Mujtahids. 

The Islamic Centre of England will be glad to answer any other religious query you may have.