‚ÄúMab‚Äôath‚ÄĚAllah‚Äôstradition on Earth
‚ÄúMab‚Äôath‚ÄĚAllah‚Äôstradition on Earth
This is the nature of Allah‚Äôs law. Moses (s) was raised on the lap of the Pharaoh and Muhammad (s) on the lap of the Quraish. In what circumstances and in which period of time the order of Allah was descended upon earth, could be the subject of a much detailed research in the historical texts. However, according to the well known historians, the Prophet was forty when he was appointed as the messenger of Allah.
Forty is the age of reasoning, age of balance between desire and self- control and when brain takes over the human nature.
Prophet Muhammad even from an early stage of his life, proved to be very different. His abundant good deeds and behaviour made him stand out amongst the other children, during his youth he kept away from all those outlandish behaviour of his fellow tribesmen. He did not drink or spent time indolently. He did not attend his people‚Äôs usual lavish gatherings based purely on entertainment. He considered the idols on the Kaaba enemies of men. He was honest and well trusted.
It is not surprising that such a pure and un-clouted soul with a clear mind kept away from the rest and drawn himself into the world of the Divine. He used to seclude himself and cry for the state of his people and all the people of Jazira atal-Arab. This seclusion made him more thoughtful and meditative of greatness of Allah the Almighty. At that time, another group of people felt the same. They would often go to the caves and the mountains to share a private corner in communion with their Lord. They would pray and seek God‚Äôs guidance and forgiveness, they also prayed for their people to be guided. They were the remains of an ancient monotheistic religion or Abrahamic Law. In Quranic terminology they were called Honafaệ and their solitude Tahannos. Muhammad(s) was like them. Every year for a month, he used to go to the cave of mount Hera to pray and to be alone with his Creator. Upon the completion of the month and before returning home, he would go to Kaaba to perform seven times or more its circumambulation and then would go home.  Many years passed by, till the awaited time came. As the year of Prophetic mission started, it was 27th day of Rajab.
(Unfortunately there is a difference of opinion on this between Shia and Sunni schools of thought. Sunni scholars believe commence of the Prophetic mission year was in the month of Ramadhan) .
On that day Prophet made his usual trip to the mount of Hera. The night of his appointment angel Gabriel, the bearer of Prophetic Revelations, came to him. Muhammad (s) recalls: ‚ÄúI was asleep. Gabriel was carrying a book in a silk material. He came to me and asked me to read. I said I don‚Äôt know how to read. He embraced me so tight I thought I wasgoing to pass out. He then asked me again: ‚ÄúRead‚ÄĚ. I said what shall I read?
He said: ‚ÄúSay; He is Allah, the one and Only‚ÄĚ. (Quran 96:2) Then he left me and I woke up. It felt as if a book was written on my heart. I leftthe cave, on the way on the mountain; I heard a voice from the sky saying:
‚ÄúMuhammad, you are the messengerof Allah, and I am Gabriel.‚ÄĚ I looked at the sky and I saw Gabriel in a man‚Äôs face. So I stood there and I looked at him. I couldn‚Äôt go forward or backward, everywhere I turned I could only see him. In the meantime Khadija(s) sent her members of family to look for me that was the time that Gabriel left and I came home to Khadija. Khadija asked me where I was, she told me that she has sent for me. I informed her of what had happened to me. She said: ‚Äúglad tidings upon you. By the God, who has my life in His hands, you are the messenger to your people.‚ÄĚ
History says, Khadija then wore her coverings and went to her cousin Waraqah ibn Nawfal - He embraced
Christianity and was a pious monk who believed in the Unity of the Almighty-. Khadija informed him of Muhammad‚Äôs encounter. Waraqah exclaimed ‚ÄúHoly, Holy‚ÄĚ. By the God who has my life in His hands, if you are saying right then Archangel Gabriel who appeared to Moses has come to Muhammad too, and this is good news for all. 
So, on the 27th of Rajab, and at the age of forty, the order of Allah was revealed to Muhammad, and according to this order, Muhammad was assigned to invite people to his God, the One who has created the world, man and thought him whatever he did not know.
Prophet Muhammad (s) at first invited his family to accept the unity of God, and then he called upon people of Mecca and then people of Arabia. He said he is the last messenger of God and that after him there won‚Äôt be any
other messenger. ‚ÄúAs long as the world stands, my religion will stay alive.‚ÄĚ Imam Ali (as) said: ‚ÄúAllah sent the
Prophet at the time, when there has been no messenger for quite a while. People were in a deep sleep. Flames of wars could be seen everywhere; the world was dim and dark with ignorance and sins. Everybody had lost the purpose of life, dishonesty became obvious. Trees of hope and better life have all became yellow and there was no fruits of hope.
Misery and tribulation were apparentin the face of human and any light of guidance was totally extinguished.‚ÄĚ  The basic principles, with which the Prophet based his religion upon, are the principles which could not be changed either by passing of the time nor by people and will always remain active. Believe in the oneness of the Creator of the world; believe in the Prophethood of Muhammad (s) and believe in the Judgement day.
Qur‚Äôan says: ‚ÄúAny, who believe In Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward
with their Lord; on them shall be no fear ,nor shall They grieve.‚ÄĚ(Qur‚Äôan 2:62)
These three basic principles are those which have kept Islam a worldwide phenomenon. Bernard Shaw (1856
‚Äď 1950) once said: ‚ÄúI forecast, and even now I can see the signs that the belief (religion) of Muhammad would be accepted by the European men of tomorrow and in my opinion if a man with his calibre becomes the head of
the new world, he would undoubtedly be able to solve and rectify all the problems and misery of the people and
bring so much peace and fortune to the world, that all the human wishes will be fulfilled.  However, universality of Islam is not as important as its eternality is.
1- Khatam e Payambaran ‚ÄďThe Seal of Prophethood, Hussenieh Ershad Publication1968, ‚Äú From birth to Prophetic mission‚ÄĚ p.199 , by; Dr. S.J. Shahidi
2- ibid, ‚ÄúFrom the birth to the Prophetic mission‚ÄĚ p. 200, by: Dr.S.J.Shahidi
3- ibid, ‚ÄúThe world at the time of Prophetic mission‚ÄĚ- p. 29, by: Dr. M.J. Bahonar and A.H. Rafsanjani
4- Religion in Human Events, p. 28
By Tahereh Shafifiee
From "Living Islam" issue n. 57